Kidney stones affect a lot of people all over the world. It’s a common condition that many individuals have to deal with. They can be extremely painful and can significantly affect your quality of life. Fortunately, there are various treatment options available for kidney stones, ranging from medications to surgery. In this article, we will discuss the different treatment options for kidney stones, their benefits, and their potential risks.


What are Kidney Stones?

In the kidneys, mineral and salt particles can combine to create solid masses known as kidney stones. They can range in size from a grain of sand to a golf ball and can cause severe pain, discomfort, and sometimes bleeding. There are several types of kidney stones, including calcium oxalate stones, uric acid stones, cystine stones, and struvite stones.


Symptoms of Kidney Stones

The symptoms of kidney stones can vary depending on their size and location. Some of the most common symptoms of kidney stones include:

  • Intense pain in the back, side, or lower abdomen
  • Painful urination
  • Blood in the urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Fever and chills


Treatment Options for Kidney Stones

Watchful Waiting

For small kidney stones, less than 5mm in diameter, watchful waiting may be an option. This approach involves waiting for the stone to pass on its own while managing the symptoms with pain medication and plenty of fluids.



If you have kidney stones, your doctor may prescribe medications to help you manage the pain and prevent the formation of new stones. Some of the most common medications used to treat kidney stones include:

  • Pain relievers
  • Alpha-blockers
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Diuretics
  • Allopurinol


Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)

ESWL is a non-invasive procedure that uses shock waves to break up kidney stones into smaller pieces. The smaller stones can then pass more easily through the urinary tract. ESWL is generally safe and effective for stones less than 2cm in diameter.



Ureteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that involves inserting a thin, flexible tube with a camera and a small tool through the urethra and bladder to the ureter. The surgeon can then remove or break up the stone using the tool. Ureteroscopy is generally safe and effective for stones located in the ureter or kidney.


Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

PCNL is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that involves making a small incision in the back and using a scope to remove the stone from the kidney. This procedure is generally reserved for larger stones that cannot be removed using other methods.



Suffering from kidney stones can cause intense discomfort and may have a significant impact on your overall well-being. However, there are various treatment options available depending on the size and location of the stone. It’s important to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms of kidney stones, as early diagnosis and treatment can prevent complications.


Please note that the options mentioned above are for informational purposes only and should not be taken as medical recommendations. To find the most suitable approach for your specific situation, it’s crucial to seek guidance from a qualified healthcare provider.


Desert Sky Urology

If you’re experiencing symptoms of kidney stones, don’t hesitate to seek expert care from Desert Sky Urology. Contact us today to schedule an appointment and take the first step towards improving your kidney health.