Prostate cancer is a serious health concern for men, but when detected early, it can be treated effectively, increasing the chances of a successful outcome. As a medical professional, I believe that empowering oneself with knowledge about early detection is crucial in the fight against prostate cancer. In this article, I will discuss the importance of early detection, the screening tests available, and the steps men can take to reduce their risk of developing prostate cancer.


Why Early Detection Matters?

Prostate cancer is a slow-growing cancer, and it often does not cause any symptoms in its early stages. This makes early detection crucial, as it allows for treatment to begin before the cancer has a chance to spread. According to the American Cancer Society, when prostate cancer is caught early, the 5-year survival rate is close to 100%. However, if the cancer is not detected until it has spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate drops significantly.


Screening Tests for Prostate Cancer

The two primary screening tests for prostate cancer are the digital rectal exam (DRE) and the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test.

  • Digital Rectal Exam (DRE): During a DRE, a healthcare provider inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to check for any bumps or abnormalities on the prostate. While this test is not always accurate, it can provide important information and is often used in combination with the PSA test.
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test: The PSA test measures the level of PSA, a protein produced by the prostate, in the blood. High levels of PSA can indicate the presence of prostate cancer, but it can also be caused by other conditions, such as an enlarged prostate or inflammation.

It is important to note that the PSA test is not a diagnostic test, and a high PSA level does not necessarily mean that a man has prostate cancer. If the PSA test results are abnormal, additional tests, such as a prostate biopsy, may be necessary to confirm a diagnosis.


Steps to Reduce Your Risk

Although there is no surefire way to prevent prostate cancer, there are steps men can take to reduce their risk.

  • Healthy Diet: Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and low in red meat and processed foods, can help reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Regular Exercise: Regular physical activity has been shown to reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight: Obesity has been linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer, so maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise is important.
  • Regular Check-ups: Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider can help detect any abnormalities in the prostate early, allowing for prompt treatment.



Early detection is key in the fight against prostate cancer. By understanding the screening tests available and taking steps to reduce their risk, men can empower themselves to take control of their health and increase their chances of successful treatment. It is important for men to have open and honest conversations with their healthcare providers about prostate cancer and to schedule regular check-ups to maintain their overall health and well-being.


Don’t Wait, Schedule Your Check-up Today

If you are a man over the age of 50, or have a family history of prostate cancer, it is important to schedule regular check-ups with a healthcare provider to monitor your prostate health. At Desert Sky Urology, our team of experienced healthcare professionals is dedicated to providing compassionate, high-quality care for all your urologic needs in Arizona. If you’re looking for a top urologist in Phoenix, Gilbert and Chandler, AZ, contact us today to schedule your check-up and take control of your prostate health.